Community Empowerment Through Pig Live Stock Breeding

Community Empowerment Through Pig Live Stock Breeding

  1. Preface

Pig is high value live stock in NTT province. It is used in their ritual ceremonies, especially during  the wedding and the death of their family member.  They need pig also for other event, such as “first communion”  ceremony. Therefore, the price of pig is very high and the community has to buy this live stock for  the ceremonies.

The prequisite are :

  1. The people should set up a group of house hold who will responsible for the breeding of the pig.
  2. Each house hold will get free one female pig, a 2 months age pig.
  3. After 8 to 12 months, she has to be mated with a chosen male pig.
  4. After they have child pig, they have to share the new female child pig to other house hold from the same parish.
  5. They are not allow to sell the mother pig. They may only sell the child  pig, and if  they have already  shared one  female child  pig to other household.
  6. They have to build a stall next to their house, for raising the pigs.
  7. They have to find and collect the local plantation for composing good and healthy food for their pigs.
  8. They have to be trained and accompanied on how to vaccinate the pig, how to give medicine or vitamin, how to prepare the food for the pig, how to serach and bring the male mate pig, etc.
  9. The activities.

Two groups in 2 parihes was established in 2017.

There were 18 group members in Wedomu parish and 20 group members in Sadi parish. The member was the poor household in the 2 parishes.

Each group member got free one female pig.

The training and the accompaniement was done by a FSGM sister who live in a  FSGM convent in Kuneru village, Belu district, NTT , in cooperation with the parish priest.

III. The result.

During the evaluation visit on March 27-28, 2019 (2 years since the beginning of the program), we found out the result as follows :

  1. The groups are very active and dynamic. They meet together, at least once in every month, to discuss their common problem and interest. They regularly shared valuable information and knowledge, and also developing activities together, including the income generating program.
  2. They have shared their baby pig to other member group. The Wedamu parish group had resulting 8 baby pigs born and share them to other household in same parish and the Sida parish group had resulting 12 baby pigs born and share to other household in Sida parish.
  3. By sharing the baby pigs to new households, the member group in Wedamu parish was extend from formerly 18 members to become 26 members and in Sida parish was increase from formerly 20 members was extended to become 32 members.
  4. The group member have their own inisiative to extend the pig stall, from formerly small stall now become larger stall to accomodate the inceasingly number of the pigs.
  5. The group member earn money from selling the pigs, for paying their children school fee or pay the hospital/clinic fee if their family member was sick.
  6. They didn’t have to buy pig, if they need it for the ritual ceremony.
  7. Further and follow up action.
  8. They should maintain the cleanliness of the pig stall, in order to prevent any disease affect their pigs.
  9. They have to ensure,that their female pigs should be mated with male pig at the proper time , including to search and to chose the good and healthy male pig.
  10. They should maintain the sufficient and good quality food for their pigs.
  11. In the future, all poor household in these 2 parishes are expected to have pig livestock for increasing their income.
  12. This program is expected to be able to be duplicated to other parishes where there are a lot of poor households.
  13. Sustainablity.

The program will be sustainable, because the program have benefit for their group members. They could earn money from raising and selling the pigs.

The FSGM Sister who accompany the group stay and live in Kuneru village, Belu district, NTT Province. The village is located near the parishes.

Para Suster FSGM melihat hasil peternakan babi
Peternakan babi
Memberikan makanan di peternakan
Dalam rangka kunjungan ke Paroki Wedamu

HIV Prevention Through Poverty Alleviation

HIV Prevention Through Poverty Alleviation


The HIV incidence in NTT province is sharply increasing in the past 5 years. The higest incidence  is the house-wife category, for about 30% of the cases.  Belu district is one of the highest HIV incidence district.

Through the root cause analysis, we found that the house-wive was infected by her husbands who work as illegal migrant workers abroad.

Since more than ten years ago, the young adult from the villages in NTT (including from Belu district) working abroad, mostly as illegal workers, who have no access to proper health care services, either for curative treatment or for disease prevention.

The flow of young adult seeking money from abroad is due the poverty, there is no job  in their villages, and sometime also no food, etc.

The income generating program run by Perdhaki and FSGM Sisters, which is funded by Central Fransiscannes Germanny, is the effort for poverty alleviation in Belu district.

Program Activities

The program is aimed to increase the income of people through 3 main activities : pig livestock, sorgum farming and weaving home industry.

In the begining, Sister Margaretha FSGM (Perdhaki’s HIV program officer) met with the Bischop of Attambua, describing the planning to empower village women through income generating program. The Bischop fully support the program and asking the priests to support the implementation of the program.

The program was starting in Kuneru village, Belu district (where the FSGM sister community stay), by  initiating women organizations and empowering them through trainings and guidances. The training and guidance was conducted by FSGM sister in local parish and assisted by Perdhaki and experts from outside Belu/NTT.

The group consisting of about 20 women, who organize themself, by electing the board member, regular meeting and organizing training.

The specific activities are as follows :

  1. Pig livestock program.
  2. Sorgum farming activities.
  3. Weaving home industry activities.

Please see attachments for detailed narrative activities and picture of activities.


Four women groups had been set up and organized by themself : two groups conducting pig live stock program, one group conducting sorgum farming program and one group conducting weaving home industry.

Through these programs, they have earned some money for their children’s education and got some food for their daily life.

The pig live stock group’s member have been extended, so more house holds got benefit from this program.

Through these programs, the young adults in this district are not instanly following the “brokers” who seek them for illegal migrant workers. They have good alternative for  earning money, other than  becoming  illegal migrant workers.

By the decreasing illegal migrant workers, it is hoping that the HIV transmission in this district will be also decreasing.

However, this program is conducting only in 3 parishes of Belu district. There are more than 50 parishes in this district and there are more than 20 districs in NTT province. So, the result in decreasing HIV incidence in the whole Belu district (and in the whole NTT province)  is not yet significant.

This program is a first step of a great effort, that should be extended and duplicating to other parishes, to achieve significant result.

Sosialisasi HIV/AIDs, migran perantau dan pemberdayaan perempuan
Diskusi dalam rangka pemberdayaan perempuan
Perkumpulan perempuan dalam bimbingan Suster FSGM