Community Empowerment Through Pig Live Stock Breeding
Pig is high value live stock in NTT province. It is used in their ritual ceremonies, especially during the wedding and the death of their family member. They need pig also for other event, such as “first communion” ceremony. Therefore, the price of pig is very high and the community has to buy this live stock for the ceremonies.
The prequisite are :
- The people should set up a group of house hold who will responsible for the breeding of the pig.
- Each house hold will get free one female pig, a 2 months age pig.
- After 8 to 12 months, she has to be mated with a chosen male pig.
- After they have child pig, they have to share the new female child pig to other house hold from the same parish.
- They are not allow to sell the mother pig. They may only sell the child pig, and if they have already shared one female child pig to other household.
- They have to build a stall next to their house, for raising the pigs.
- They have to find and collect the local plantation for composing good and healthy food for their pigs.
- They have to be trained and accompanied on how to vaccinate the pig, how to give medicine or vitamin, how to prepare the food for the pig, how to serach and bring the male mate pig, etc.
- The activities.
Two groups in 2 parihes was established in 2017.
There were 18 group members in Wedomu parish and 20 group members in Sadi parish. The member was the poor household in the 2 parishes.
Each group member got free one female pig.
The training and the accompaniement was done by a FSGM sister who live in a FSGM convent in Kuneru village, Belu district, NTT , in cooperation with the parish priest.
III. The result.
During the evaluation visit on March 27-28, 2019 (2 years since the beginning of the program), we found out the result as follows :
- The groups are very active and dynamic. They meet together, at least once in every month, to discuss their common problem and interest. They regularly shared valuable information and knowledge, and also developing activities together, including the income generating program.
- They have shared their baby pig to other member group. The Wedamu parish group had resulting 8 baby pigs born and share them to other household in same parish and the Sida parish group had resulting 12 baby pigs born and share to other household in Sida parish.
- By sharing the baby pigs to new households, the member group in Wedamu parish was extend from formerly 18 members to become 26 members and in Sida parish was increase from formerly 20 members was extended to become 32 members.
- The group member have their own inisiative to extend the pig stall, from formerly small stall now become larger stall to accomodate the inceasingly number of the pigs.
- The group member earn money from selling the pigs, for paying their children school fee or pay the hospital/clinic fee if their family member was sick.
- They didn’t have to buy pig, if they need it for the ritual ceremony.
- Further and follow up action.
- They should maintain the cleanliness of the pig stall, in order to prevent any disease affect their pigs.
- They have to ensure,that their female pigs should be mated with male pig at the proper time , including to search and to chose the good and healthy male pig.
- They should maintain the sufficient and good quality food for their pigs.
- In the future, all poor household in these 2 parishes are expected to have pig livestock for increasing their income.
- This program is expected to be able to be duplicated to other parishes where there are a lot of poor households.
The program will be sustainable, because the program have benefit for their group members. They could earn money from raising and selling the pigs.
The FSGM Sister who accompany the group stay and live in Kuneru village, Belu district, NTT Province. The village is located near the parishes.